Also referred as Djungarian hamster, the Siberian hamster or the Siberian Dwarf hamster. The most notable feature of the Russian Winter White Hamster is the presence of a thick dorsal stripe and the change of the coloration of its fur to white during the winters. They are the most widely kept pet in most pet shops and are extremely docile and friendly once domesticated. They also serve to be a perfect pet for both adults and children above the age of 11. They are not so easily domesticated and require adequate attention from their owners and lots of physical activity to keep them healthy.
Russian Winter White Dwarf Hamster Facts
|Scientific name||Phodopus sungorus|
|Length||Grows up to 3 to 4 inches in adulthood|
|Size||13.5 mm in length and a tail length f 5 mm and is 2.5 cm tall|
|Average Weight||Around 19 grams|
|Scale of Domestication||Taming them may take a whole week.|
|Regions found||China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Russian Federation as well as Siberia.|
The Winter White hamster has a less wooly coat than it’s Campbell counterpart and the coat has colorations of sapphire, pearl and milky white with a solitary dorsal stripe. Another unique feature about these hamsters are that the body keeps fluctuating throughout the year with the weight being its lowest during the winter. The Winter White hamster also sports a denser hide during the winters and also has a grey tint on their head. The eyes of the Djungarian hamster are generally black unless it is an albino in which case it is red. These hamsters too have pouches which can be used to store food and these too fluff to the length of their shoulders which to some extent hinders movement.
Winter White Russian Hamster Care and Breeding
These hamsters are much more virile and sexually active than the Syrian hamsters and are able to become pregnant on the same day that they give birth. This is a survival strategy used by these rodents to produce huge number of offspring to carry forward their species. The pups shouldn’t be removed from their mother before three weeks of age and after this, frequent fights may erupt between the pups. The female hamster becomes increasingly aggressive after birth to protect the pups. The estrous cycle carries on for four days, meaning that the female will mate with the male within four days. There is no particular breeding season for these hamsters.
A glass or plastic aquarium makes suitable cages for this hamster. Add tubes and other form of extensions to the cages to allow the hamster to explore more. These are great for the Dwarf hamsters as they easily fit through the connecting tubes. Wood shavings should be used for the floor of the cage. Sawdust and cedar wood shavings should not be used as they may be hazardous for these Hamsters. Shredded paper and hay is considered to be the best bedding material. The cage should be cleaned weekly and any old food should be removed. If it is necessary to wash the cage then only use a cleaner specifically designed for cleaning small rodents cages. A food bowl and a drinking bottle will also be required to feed and water the hamster.
- Keep the cage away from direct sunlight.
- Do not play loud music near the cage as it might hurt the highly sensitive ears of these Winter White dwarf hamsters.
- It is advisable not to use aerosol sprays near the cages.
Toys and Care
The cage itself could be furnished with items, such as a wheel, to provide exercising opportunity to the hamster. As hamsters love to burrow, a box filled three quarters full with shavings is ideal so they can burrow and tunnel as much as they like. They also like to climb. It is possible to provide plenty to entertain them with using household items, such as toilet roll tubes and boxes. The dwarf hamsters are also very fussy about their hygiene so keeping sand baths is also a must. Adding tubes and logs along the cage would also keep the hamster engrossed in tumbling over them.
What do Winter White Russian Dwarf Hamsters eat?
These rodents are omnivores and have vegetables as well as meat in equal proportions in order to have a balanced diet and proper nutritional intake. Acceptable greens that can be given to Winter white Dwwarf hamsters are celery, carrots, apples, broccoli, plums, peas, cauliflower, cucumber, zucchini, kale, bananas and beech. Dog biscuits, cooked rice or pasta can also be given occasionally to supplement their carbohydrate needs. To provide protein to them, they can be given small pieces of live mealworms, insect larvae, crickets, boiled egg, small bits of chicken and fish. Occasional treats like Cheese flavored Yogies, Hartz Bonanza Treat Stick, Crispy Honeybars and Treat Zone Dispenser Accessory. Occasional mineral blocks or salt licks can also be given as the hamsters love these.
Precautions and Health
Care must be taken that the hamsters are not given an excess of a particular nut as this will lead to obesity and nutritional deficiency. Also excess treats may cause them of not eating any of their hamster food. The cage in which the hamsters are kept should have non-toxic chew blocks to file their ever growing teeth. Dwarf hamsters are also prone to tumors and should be given extra care. They should also not be exposed to sharp things as they may injure their cheek pouches which might prove to be fatal. The Djungarian hamsters also suffer from severe bouts of dehydration, constipation and broken teeth. Adequate water and healthy diet should be provided to overcome these problems.
Funny facts about Winter White Dwarf Hamsters
- Temperature determines the sex of the pups.
- This species play fight a lot by making loud squeaks and butting their heads into stuff.
|Are Winter White Dwarf Hamsters nice?||They do not bite much as compared to its Russian Campbell counterpart.|
|Are winter white dwarf hamsters friendly?||These are marvelous pets and are very friendly and sociable.|
|Do Winter White Dwarf Hamsters smell?||They do not have any body odor.|
|Do Winter White Dwarf Hamsters get lonely?||They prefer to stay on their own and do not get lonely.|
|Do Winter White Dwarf Hamsters bite alot?||They are not very aggressive. Only females are aggressive after the birth of their pups.|
|Do Winter White Dwarf Hamsters need dust baths?||Yes, they need sand baths to be much more specific.|
|Do Winter White Dwarf Hamsters like to be held?||They love being held.|
|Do Winter White Dwarf Hamsters shed?||They shed only when their fur grows long and during summers.|
|Do Winter White Dwarf Hamsters get cold?||Yes, they do get cold and suffer from severe bouts of various diseases.|
|Do Winter White Dwarf Hamsters Hibernate?||In extremely cold climates, they go into hibernation.|